A personal area network (PAN) is a computer network dedicated to interconnecting personal devices with each other and often with devices in the network. Such computer networks utilize technologies such as ATM, IP, iSCSI, and Fibre Channel (FCoE). Such computer networks are highly useful in the telecommunication industry for application and disaster recovery purposes.
The term Personal Area Network refers to a central information repository for personal computers. Such a system is made up of different devices that work as part of a larger system, thereby sharing input/output, processing, and communication functions. Such a system is often customized for specific purposes like workgroup or work division. It can be used for connecting devices running different operating systems. Personal area networks can connect devices running Microsoft Windows, Linux, Apple OS, Novell Netware, OpenBSD, and other operating systems. Some devices can connect to Personal Area Networks even if they do not run on any of the mentioned OS.
As far as technology is concerned, a Personal Area Network has several different models. It can be built either through software or by using hardware. Software-based PANs are usually deployed for business or high-security applications. On the other hand, a hardware-based personal area network can connect multiple devices of different brands and workstations.
A Personal Area Network can have two modes-single modes and multi-mode. In a single mode, a single Personal Area Network has been built where all the devices are connected to one main input and output port, and all the other devices are connected to ports of their respective manufacturers. On the other hand in multi-mode, a Personal Area Network is configured with multiple mappings or subnets to enable communication between the peripherals of different computers. Another interesting feature of a multi-mode personal area network is that it can be automatically upgraded or customized according to the needs of the business.
To establish a Personal Area Network, an independent set of wiring must first be completed within the LAN. The wiring then proceeds to configure and create a Local Area Network. After the creation of the Local Area Network, it proceeds to associate the personal area networks of various companies with one another. This type of communication among the companies ensures a faster and better exchange of information among employees of the same organization.
Some of the companies are now adopting a wireless personal area network. They use the wireless network to ensure that the employees do not face the hassles of connecting the peripherals of their computer to the company’s main computer. The employees can simply log in to the WAN site and use their laptops to send and receive files and data. They can also work from their office without having to travel long distances just to be present at a conference or seminar.